Involuntary Commitment of Persons Not Convicted of a Crime
3100-3111California Welfare and Institution Code
3100. Anyone who believes that a person is addicted to the use of narcotics or by reason of the repeated use of narcotics is in imminent danger of becoming addicted to their use or any person who believes himself to be addicted or about to become addicted may report such belief to the district attorney, under oath, who may, when there is probable cause, petition the superior court for a commitment of such person to the Director of Corrections for confinement in the narcotic detention, treatment and rehabilitation facility. As used in this article the term “person” includes any person who is released on probation by any court of this state.
A little more Explanation
Essay – Survey on Involuntary Commitments for Drug and Alcohol
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A California statute makes it a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment for any person to “be addicted to the use of narcotics,” and, in sustaining petitioner’s conviction there under, the California courts construed the statute as making the “status” of narcotic addiction a criminal offense for which the offender may be prosecuted “at any time before he reforms,” even though he has never used or possessed any narcotics within the State and has not been guilty of any antisocial behavior there.
As so construed and applied, the statute inflicts a cruel and unusual punishment in violation of the Eighth and Fourteenth Amendments. Pp. 660-668.